Bharatpur Water-bird Sanctuary – India’s Most Spectacular One

Bharatpur Water-bird Sanctuary – India’s Most Spectacular One


Situated on the fringes of Thar Desert, Bharatpur is known as the ‘Eastern Gateway’ to India’s northwestern state of Rajasthan.


The Bharatpur National Park hosts one of India’s most spectacular water- bird sanctuaries in a 29 sq. km wetland comprising an artificial lake, bushes, grassy patches and marginal forests.


The lake came into being at the huge depression formed by the removal of soil for the construction of an earthen dam in 1760 in order to save Bharatpur town from recurrent annual floods.


At the beginning of the 20th century the ruler of the erstwhile princely state of Bharatpur built a series of dams and dykes to convert the low-lying area around the lake into a fine preserve for shooting wild fowl. Over the years this vast wetland became the home for thousands of water birds, both local and migratory.


The area was established as a bird sanctuary in 1956. Later, in 1981, it was declared as ‘Keoladeo National Park’. Four years hereafter the UNESCO included this world’s finest of avifauna preserves in the list of World Heritage Sites.


Accessibility to Bharatpur

The excellent road networks provide easy access to Bharatpur from Agra (60 km),  Delhi (176 km) and Jaipur (176 km).


Delhi and Jaipur are also the nearest airports to reach Bharatpur.


Bharatpur Railway Station, just 6 km from the national park, provides pan-India rail connectivity to the city.


Places of Tourist Attraction


  • Lohargarh Fort – Constructed by a Jat ruler in the 18th century, it is considered one of the finest architectural monuments in Rajasthan and one of the strongest forts in India. ‘Lohargarh’ actually means ‘the Iron Fortress’.


  • Government Museum – This museum at Bharatpur is located in the heart of Lohargarh Fort. It displays some of the unique and most archaic artifacts relating to the splendid history of Bharatpur and its surrounding areas.


  • Deeg Palace – Built in the 18th century at 32 km from Bharatpur, this strong and massive fort served as the summer resort of bharatpur rulers. Several palaces and gardens within the fort area present the finest blend of Mughal and Rajput architecture.


Attractions to European Visitors


Bharatpur Bird Santuary – Covered with marshes, scrubs and grassy patches, this wetland hosts over 300 species of water birds, both resident and migratory.


Every year durng winter Sibarian Cranes arrive in Bharatpur after travelling 6,400 km from their summer retreat In Sibaria. These beautiful cranes, marked by their distinctive red beaks and facial patches, reach the area in December and stay until early March.


Raised paths crisscrossing the park and hidden behind bushy undergrowth and babul trees makes viewing of the birds easy. An early morning boat ride in the quiet lake offers a beautiful experience to see birds of many a feather flying hither and thither in flocks.


Besides the birds, the park provides habitat for a variety of rare mammals like jungle cat, fishing cat, golden jackal, striped hyena, blackbuck, nilgai, sambar and wild boar.


Food and Accommodation: 



Reasonably good facilities are available within the precincts of the park. The Forest Lodge inside the National Park provides a memorable opportunity to stay in close vicinity of the nature’s treasure trove. Besides several three-star hotels are also available near the park.


The Best Time to Visit Bharatpur


Winters are mildly cool in the otherwise hot climate of Bharatpur.


Though the wildlife sanctuary is open to visitors throughout the year, winter time between October-February would be the ideal time fto visit the sanctuary, when several migratory birds flock to the place.


Hope the above information will help the travelling worth enjoying .



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